Broomx’s MK360 is used

in severe MS forms

 

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory disease causing demyelination of the central nervous system. A tool to help nurses and therapists cope with patients’ pain is virtual reality. This method seems to decrease pain and anxiety while consistently using it during therapy. Also, creating a comfortable and reassuring environment appears to increase the cooperation of patients during treatment. When applying virtual reality as a treatment, especially today, a critical concern of medical professionals is the use of VR glasses.

 

During the COVID-19 pandemic, every material has to be cleaned after use, making VR glasses challenging to use. A way to immerse patients in a virtual environment and minimize those disadvantages is to use an immersive projector. It uses static references and does not require to be cleaned after every use. The National Multiple Sclerosis Centre in Melsbroek, Belgium (NMSC) implemented Broomx’s MK360 to ease pain and facilitate therapy in severe MS forms.

Clinical case

 

One of the most interesting cases observed at NMSC is of a young patient diagnosed in 2019 with severe MS and admitted to the NMSC the same year as her diagnosis. Her continuous functional decline started after her first relapse. With an EDSS score of 9, she could not stand and sit upright, and her right leg and arm were paralyzed. Due to severe contractures and stiffness, the use of her left arm was limited. Unable to speak, she expressed herself using mimics. She also suffers from neuropathic pain.

Clinical case

 

One of the most interesting cases observed at NMSC is of a young patient diagnosed in 2019 with severe MS and admitted to the NMSC the same year as her diagnosis. Her continuous functional decline started after her first relapse. With an EDSS score of 9, she could not stand and sit upright, and her right leg and arm were paralyzed. Due to severe contractures and stiffness, the use of her left arm was limited. Unable to speak, she expressed herself using mimics. She also suffers from neuropathic pain.

Pain reduction

through distraction

 

The medical professionals designed a treatment that combined conventional therapy and immersive reality to decrease her pain sensation. During a session, the therapists used the MK360 to immerse the patient in a virtual world. While using the MK360, her pain sensation seemed to be lower as usual. In addition, mobilization of the wrist and elbow was possible, and as she experienced the projections, the patient seemed to be more alert than usual. This made it possible to demand active participation for an extended period. The use of the MK360 also made it possible for several new therapists to work with her. The full potential and benefits derived from the use of the MK360 are currently being studied in other clinical cases at NMSC.

 

Pain reduction

through distraction

 

The medical professionals designed a treatment that combined conventional therapy and immersive reality to decrease her pain sensation. During a session, the therapists used the MK360 to immerse the patient in a virtual world. While using the MK360, her pain sensation seemed to be lower as usual. In addition, mobilization of the wrist and elbow was possible, and as she experienced the projections, the patient seemed to be more alert than usual. This made it possible to demand active participation for an extended period. The use of the MK360 also made it possible for several new therapists to work with her. The full potential and benefits derived from the use of the MK360 are currently being studied in other clinical cases at NMSC.

 

The potential for immersive experiences in future treatments

 

So far, research has indicated that Broomx’s immersive device is possibly a valuable resource to be implemented in the treatment of patients diagnosed with MS and neuropathic pain. The environment created by the projector reduces pain intensity during the therapy, and it seems to facilitate the acceptance of other therapists by the patient. Further research, applications, and follow-up studies are needed to implement the MK360 in treating other patients properly.

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